The Focused Study of God's Word
Biblical Theology is the focused study of scripture itself.
Biblical Theology studies individual words, passages, books, authors, and corpuses of the Bible in their appropriate contexts. This is known as exegesis.
Biblical Theology usually entails knowledge of the original languages (Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek), and the historical & cultural background of the authors.
Biblical Theology often includes the study of the ancient extant manuscripts (i.e. text criticism).
Biblical Theology is focused on understanding the original intent of an author of a biblical book before putting that author's inspired meaning into a larger system of Theology.
Biblical Theology emphasizes the parts of the Bible first, before seeing how they relate to Church doctrines.
Typical Biblical Theology questions are: “What did John mean when he recorded Jesus saying that the Father would remove any branch in Him that doesn’t bear fruit in John 15:2?” or “How does Paul use the word “σαρκος” (flesh) in his Epistles?”